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Угловой получить объект из массива по идентификатору

У меня есть массив:

this.questions = [
      {id: 1, question: "Do you feel a connection to a higher source and have a sense of comfort knowing that you are part of something greater than yourself?", category: "Spiritual", subs: []},
      {id: 2, question: "Do you feel you are free of unhealthy behavior that impacts your overall well-being?", category: "Habits", subs: []},
      {id: 3, question: "Do you feel you have healthy and fulfilling relationships?", category: "Relationships", subs: []},
      {id: 4, question: "Do you feel you have a sense of purpose and that you have a positive Outlook about yourself and life?", category: "Emotional Well-being", subs: []},
      {id: 5, question: "Do you feel you have a healthy diet and that you are fueling your body for optimal health? ", category: "Eating Habits ", subs: []},
      {id: 6, question: "Do you feel that you get enough rest and that your stress level is healthy?", category: "Relaxation ", subs: []},
      {id: 7, question: "Do you feel you get enough physical activity for optimal health?", category: "Exercise ", subs: []},
      {id: 8, question: "Do you feel you practice self-care and go to the doctor regularly?", category: "Medical Maintenance", subs: []},
      {id: 9, question: "Do you feel satisfied with your income and economic stability?", category: "Financial", subs: []},
      {id: 10, question: "Do you feel you do fun things and laugh enough in your life?", category: "Play", subs: []},
      {id: 11, question: "Do you feel you have a healthy sense of balance in this area of your life?", category: "Work-life Balance", subs: []},
      {id: 12, question: "Do you feel a sense of peace and contentment  in your home? ", category: "Home Environment", subs: []},
      {id: 13, question: "Do you feel that you are challenged and growing as a person?", category: "Intellectual Wellbeing", subs: []},
      {id: 14, question: "Do you feel content with what you see when you look in the mirror?", category: "Self-image", subs: []},
      {id: 15, question: "Do you feel engaged at work and a sense of fulfillment with your job?", category: "Work Satisfaction", subs: []}

    ];

У меня есть функция:

getDimensions(id) {    
   //need logic to get object from questions array based on ID.      
}

Как я могу написать карту, чтобы получить правильный объект из массива на основе идентификатора?

25
Judson Terrell

Вы можете использовать .filter () или .find () . Единственное отличие состоит в том, что filter будет перебирать все элементы и возвращать любые, которые передают условие в виде массива, тогда как find будет возвращать первый соответствующий элемент и прерывать итерацию.

Пример

var questions = [
      {id: 1, question: "Do you feel a connection to a higher source and have a sense of comfort knowing that you are part of something greater than yourself?", category: "Spiritual", subs: []},
      {id: 2, question: "Do you feel you are free of unhealthy behavior that impacts your overall well-being?", category: "Habits", subs: []},
      {id: 3, question: "Do you feel you have healthy and fulfilling relationships?", category: "Relationships", subs: []},
      {id: 4, question: "Do you feel you have a sense of purpose and that you have a positive Outlook about yourself and life?", category: "Emotional Well-being", subs: []},
      {id: 5, question: "Do you feel you have a healthy diet and that you are fueling your body for optimal health? ", category: "Eating Habits ", subs: []},
      {id: 6, question: "Do you feel that you get enough rest and that your stress level is healthy?", category: "Relaxation ", subs: []},
      {id: 7, question: "Do you feel you get enough physical activity for optimal health?", category: "Exercise ", subs: []},
      {id: 8, question: "Do you feel you practice self-care and go to the doctor regularly?", category: "Medical Maintenance", subs: []},
      {id: 9, question: "Do you feel satisfied with your income and economic stability?", category: "Financial", subs: []},
      {id: 10, question: "Do you feel you do fun things and laugh enough in your life?", category: "Play", subs: []},
      {id: 11, question: "Do you feel you have a healthy sense of balance in this area of your life?", category: "Work-life Balance", subs: []},
      {id: 12, question: "Do you feel a sense of peace and contentment  in your home? ", category: "Home Environment", subs: []},
      {id: 13, question: "Do you feel that you are challenged and growing as a person?", category: "Intellectual Wellbeing", subs: []},
      {id: 14, question: "Do you feel content with what you see when you look in the mirror?", category: "Self-image", subs: []},
      {id: 15, question: "Do you feel engaged at work and a sense of fulfillment with your job?", category: "Work Satisfaction", subs: []}
];

function getDimensionsByFilter(id){
  return questions.filter(x => x.id === id);
}

function getDimensionsByFind(id){
  return questions.find(x => x.id === id);
}

var test = getDimensionsByFilter(10);
console.log(test);

test = getDimensionsByFind(10);
console.log(test);

57
Suren Srapyan
getDimensions(id) {
    var obj = questions.filter(function(node) {
        return node.id==id;
    });

    return obj;   
}
3
Tarek Salah uddin Mahmud
// Used In TypeScript For Angular 4+        
const viewArray = [
          {id: 1, question: "Do you feel a connection to a higher source and have a sense of comfort knowing that you are part of something greater than yourself?", category: "Spiritual", subs: []},
          {id: 2, question: "Do you feel you are free of unhealthy behavior that impacts your overall well-being?", category: "Habits", subs: []},
          {id: 3, question: "Do you feel you have healthy and fulfilling relationships?", category: "Relationships", subs: []},
          {id: 4, question: "Do you feel you have a sense of purpose and that you have a positive Outlook about yourself and life?", category: "Emotional Well-being", subs: []},
          {id: 5, question: "Do you feel you have a healthy diet and that you are fueling your body for optimal health? ", category: "Eating Habits ", subs: []},
          {id: 6, question: "Do you feel that you get enough rest and that your stress level is healthy?", category: "Relaxation ", subs: []},
          {id: 7, question: "Do you feel you get enough physical activity for optimal health?", category: "Exercise ", subs: []},
          {id: 8, question: "Do you feel you practice self-care and go to the doctor regularly?", category: "Medical Maintenance", subs: []},
          {id: 9, question: "Do you feel satisfied with your income and economic stability?", category: "Financial", subs: []},
          {id: 10, question: "Do you feel you do fun things and laugh enough in your life?", category: "Play", subs: []},
          {id: 11, question: "Do you feel you have a healthy sense of balance in this area of your life?", category: "Work-life Balance", subs: []},
          {id: 12, question: "Do you feel a sense of peace and contentment  in your home? ", category: "Home Environment", subs: []},
          {id: 13, question: "Do you feel that you are challenged and growing as a person?", category: "Intellectual Wellbeing", subs: []},
          {id: 14, question: "Do you feel content with what you see when you look in the mirror?", category: "Self-image", subs: []},
          {id: 15, question: "Do you feel engaged at work and a sense of fulfillment with your job?", category: "Work Satisfaction", subs: []}
    ];

         const arrayObj = any;
         const objectData = any;

          for (let index = 0; index < this.viewArray.length; index++) {
              this.arrayObj = this.viewArray[index];
              this.arrayObj.filter((x) => {
                if (x.id === id) {
                  this.objectData = x;
                }
              });
              console.log('Json Object Data by ID ==> ', this.objectData);
            }
          };
0
Ankush Khotpal